European farms growing slowly but surely

09.06.2014
European farms growing slowly but surely
There are around 14 million farmers in the European Union, and the average size of farms is just 14 hectares. By comparison, the USA has just 2 million farmers, yet the average size of farms is 180 hectares. 
Just under 50 percent of the EU’s surface area is covered by fields, 30 percent by forests and 20 percent by something other, such as cities. Family farms are traditional in Europe, but there are also many corporate and organic farms, for example.

The average size of farms in Europe is growing slowly but surely. Between 2003 and 2010 the average size increased from 12 to 14 hectares. At the same time the number of farms decreased by 20 percent.

The largest farms can be found in the Czech Republic, where the average size is 89 hectares. In Great Britain the average size is 54 hectares, in Denmark 60 hectares, in Germany 46 hectares, in France 

52 hectares and in Finland 34 hectares. The smallest farms are in Malta (1 hectare) followed by Cyprus and Romania (3 hectares).

The following table lists the average size of European farms in 2007 in hectares, and the total area of arable land in thousands of hectares.

 European farms   Average size   Total area 
 Czech Republic  89 3518 
 Denmark  60 2663
 Luxemburg  57  131
 Great Britain  54  16130
 France  52
 27477
 Germany  46  16932
 Sweden  43  3118
 Finland  34   2292
 Ireland 32 4139 
 Belgium 29  1374 
 Slovakia 28   1937
 Netherlands 25  1914
 Spain 24  24893 
 Norway 21  1032 
 Austria 19  3189
 Switzerland 17 1057
 Portugal 13  3473
 Italy 12744 
 Hungary 4229 
 Bulgaria 6 3051 
 Poland 6  15477
 Romania 3  13753


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